Bosnia Herzegovina Sustainable Travel Guide
51,000 square kilometres in size, this country is full of fascinating culture, geography and history. The population is a modest 3.5 million people as of 2016 and is bordered by 3 countries. Serbia, Croatia and Montenegro. It also has small coastline that runs only 22 kilometres along the Adriatic coast. The capital city Sarajevo is a composition of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism and has developed into a cultural hotspot over the years, attracting global visitors wanting to experience things such as the Sarajevo Film and Jazz Festival. At last count, over half a million tourists visit Bosnia Herzegovina per year. This is attributed to the growth of ecotourism and adventure tourism in the region.
Travelling off the beaten path is highly recommended when visiting. Ancient villages demonstrate how man and nature can still live harmoniously and the locals treat guests like members of their own families. Of course, it is expected that tourists do their part to show the same respect in return. The local foods are organically grown in most of the villages so there are plenty of opportunities to eat healthy, sustainable meals while contributing to the local economies.
Tourists from all over the world come to observe its diverse wildlife. Seeing as 50% of the country is covered by thick forests and mountains, you will find animals such as wild boars, wolves, bears, roe deer, wildcats, badgers, foxes, and falcons. Wildlife excursions are a big part of the tourism industry so there are plenty of operators to chose from. Please do your best to choose operators that genuinely act in the wildlife’s best interests. Most of the popular tour operators have animal welfare policies and adhere to strict conservation standards.
This region is largely undisturbed by tourism, but is inexpensive and has many awesome destinations. Be sure to visit Mostar to experience the now famous Stari Most Bridge at sunset. As well, travelling between Sarajevo and Mostar by rail along the Neretva River will amaze you with stunning scenery.
As in other countries, it is customary to ask prior to taking photographs. Responsible photography should be employed.